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Dynamical Models of Extreme Rolling of Vessels in Head Waves

Archer, C and van Daalen, E and Dobbersch ̈tz, S (2009) Dynamical Models of Extreme Rolling of Vessels in Head Waves. [Study Group Report]



Rolling of a ship is a swinging motion around its length axis. In particular vessels transporting containers may show large amplitude roll when sailing in seas with large head waves. The dynamics of the ship is such that rolling interacts with heave being the motion of the mass point of the ship in vertical direction. Due to the shape of the hull of the vessel its heave is influenced considerably by the phase of the wave as it passes the ship. The interaction of heave and roll can be modeled by a mass-spring-pendulum system. The effect of waves is then included in the system by a periodic forcing term. In first instance the damping of the spring can be taken infinitely large making the system a pendulum with an in vertical direction periodically moving suspension. For a small angular deflection the roll motion is then described by the Mathieu equation containing a periodic forcing. If the period of the solution of the equation without forcing is about twice the period of the forcing then the oscillation gets unstable and the amplitude starts to grow. After describing this model we turn to situation that the ship is not anymore statically fixed at the fluctuating water level. It may move up and down showing a motion
modeled by a damped spring. One step further we also allow for pitch, a swinging motion around a horizontal axis perpendicular to the ship. It is recommended to investigate the way waves may directly drive this mode and to determine the amount of energy that flows along this path towards the roll mode. Since at sea waves are a superposition of waves with different wavelengths, we also pay attention to the properties of such a type of forcing containing stochastic elements. It is recommended that as a measure for the
occurrence of large deflections of the roll angle one should take the expected time for which a given large deflection may occur instead of the mean amplitude of the deflection.

Item Type:Study Group Report
Problem Sectors:Transport and Automotive
Machines / Production
Study Groups:European Study Group with Industry > ESGI 67 (Wageningen, Netherlands, Jan 26-30, 2009) (SWI 2009)
ID Code:592
Deposited By: Mark Curtis
Deposited On:29 Oct 2012 16:36
Last Modified:29 May 2015 20:12

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