The MIIS Eprints Archive

Toxic Chemical and their Neutralising Agents in Porous Media

Dalwadi, M. and Dubrovina, E. and Eisentraeger, A. and Lee, A. and Maestri, J. and Matejczyk, B. and O'Kiely, D. and Stamper, M. and Thomson, S. (2014) Toxic Chemical and their Neutralising Agents in Porous Media. [Study Group Report]



The UK Government Decontamination Service advises central Govern- ment on the national capability for the decontamination of buildings, infrastructure, transport and open environment, and be a source of expertise in the event of a chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) incident or major release of HazMat materials. The study group constructed mathematical models to describe the depth to which a toxic chemical may seep into an initially dry porous substrate, and of the neutralisation process between a decontaminant and the imbibed chemical.
The group recognised that capillary suction was the dominant process by which the contaminant spreads in the porous substrate. Therefore, in the first instance the absorption of the contaminant was modelled using Darcy’s law. At the next level of complication a diffuse interface model based on Richards’ equation was employed. The results of the two models were found to agree at early times, while at later times we found that the diffuse interface model predicted the more realistic scenario in which the contaminant has seeped deeper into the substrate even in the absence of further contaminant being supplied at the surface.
The decontamination process was modelled in two cases; first, where the product of the decontamination reaction was water soluble, and the second where the reaction product formed soluble in the contaminant phase and of similar density. These simple models helped explain some of the key physics involved in the process, and how the decontamination process might be optimised. We found that decontamination was most effective in the first of these two cases.
The group then sought to incorporate hydrodynamic effects into the reaction model. In the long wavelength limit, the governing equations reduced to a one-dimensional Stefan model similar to the one considered earlier. More detailed approximations and numerical simulations of this model were beyond the scope of this study group, but provide an entry point for future research in this area.

Item Type:Study Group Report
Problem Sectors:Environment
Study Groups:European Study Group with Industry > ESGI 100 (Oxford, UK, Apr 7-11, 2014)
UK Study Groups > ESGI 100 (Oxford, UK, Apr 7-11, 2014)
Company Name:UK Government Decontamination Service
ID Code:671
Deposited By: Stuart Thomson2
Deposited On:05 Dec 2014 14:07
Last Modified:29 May 2015 20:18

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